Hey guys, welcome to my fabrics and fibers lines. In this video, part one, I’ll be talking about some common substances that you likely have or will come across. And what the pros and cons are for both daily use and the environmental impact. Constituent two will be about vegan synthetic versus animal substances. And division 3 will be all about upcycled and recycled cloths. So surely check those out as well. So firstly up is cotton, and I’ll include experience systems below for the different cloths if you want to jump ahead or cite certain ones.Cotton is probably the most common fabric and it’s a natural material, it comes from the cotton plant And it is: soft, breathable( means that breeze can move through it and moisture can melt through it ), easy to clean( it’s machine washable ), absorbent, versatile( there’s tons of different kinds of cotton materials and outfits ), it’s good for people with reactions or scalp senses The cons are that it doesn’t support dye really well so it fades overtime and are also welcome to bleed while being washed. It wrinkles, it can shrink in hot water, especially the first time it’s washed. The environmental pros are that it is biodegradable. And the environmental cons are that it needs a lot of sea to grow. It’s also typically bleached and chemically treated and dyed. Cotton also has one of the highest pesticide uses for crops. And it’s generally GMO as well. But these two things are prevented by purchasing organic cotton. Next is Linen, and it’s another natural fabric It comes from the flax plant and it was used all the way back in ancient Egypt.And linen as a substance is: breathable, durable, lightweight, absorbent, it’s generally very cool and good for summer time, I too predict that it’s antimicrobial but I wasn’t able to find very much indepth information to back that up The cons are that is puckers easily It often expects gentler or entrust rinsing and sometimes there is fake linen or’ linen gape’ cloth so you have to be careful of that. The environmental pros are that it requires little pesticides and irrigate to grow, specially compared to cotton. And it is biodegradable. And the cons are that it can sometimes be dyed with lethal chemicals but it depends on how it’s made. Another flower staple is hemp. And it comes from the cannabis plant but a type that’s only used for hemp production. And as a fibre it is: durable, absorbent, it becomes softer with wear and rinsing, it’s breathable and it can also be hypoallergenic. The cons are that it can sometimes be rough, it wrinkles and different countries sometimes have very strict rules around thriving and treating hemp.So there are difficulties around that with hemp fabric product. The environmental pros are that it doesn’t require pesticides or lots of water to grow, It doesn’t deplete nutrients from the clays so it’s a really good crop. It is biodegradable and because it’s very durable the uniforms generally last long And for environmental cons, I genuinely couldn’t find anything. It’s mostly seen as being the most ecofriendly material. Then there’s polyester, which is likely the most common synthetic staple. It’s made from petrochemicals and is: wrinkle resistant, durable, it dehydrates rapidly it’s colourfast, it’s machine washable it tends to retain it’s shape well and it’s cheap.The cons are that it doesn’t breathe which can also cause it to become smelly, it is an increase static and it can also irritate the skin. An environmental pro is that it can be recycled but this does require another chemical process. And the environmental cons are that it doesn’t biodegrade, fabrics come off of it when it’s being washed and those end up polluting the ocean, it’s vigour intense and highly polluting to perform, harmful compounds are used to make it and it’s also difficult to colour which requires a lot of substances. Then we have wool. Wool is a natural protein material like your hair. And it chiefly comes from sheep but can also come from alpacas, goats and other animals. Wool as a staple is: very warm( it’s even heated when wet ), sea resistant, durable, highly absorbent, flare resistant and hypoallergenic. The cons are that it diminishes in hot water, it must be hand showered or baked scavenged, it can pill and depending on the kind of wool, it can be itchy or aggravating to the skin.The environmental pros are that it’s easily dyed, that is generally represents there are less harsh compounds abused, it’s biodegradable and because it’s very durable it be interpreted to mean that the outfit will usually wear really well and can be kept for a very long time. The environmental cons are that because it comes from an animal there are issues and concerns around the treatment and care and wellbeing of those animals. And I will talk more about that in part 2. Toxic chemicals and pesticides can also be used and this can be avoided by looking for organic wool. Next is acrylic which is a synthetic petrochemical fibre.It was developed to be a man made alternative to wool and it is: lightweight, soft, colourfast, machine washable and inexpensive. The cons are that it tends to pill readily it doesn’t breathe, it builds up static. For the environmental pros, I really couldn’t find anything. And the cons are that it doesn’t biodegrade, it’s not easily recycled, there are toxic substances used to make it, it’s energy intensive and again fibres wash off of it that purpose polluting “the worlds oceans”. Then there’s silk which is a natural protein fibre. It comes from the cocoon of the silk insect. And it is: terribly soft, it has a natural sheen, it’s lightweight has a good drape, it is therefore generally looks very nice in robe and it’s often good for very sensitive skin. The cons are that it’s expensive, it requires hand laundry or cool clean, it’s not exceedingly durable and it’s susceptible to discolouration from sunlight or perspiration.The environmental pros are that it is biodegradable, and it stains quite easily. And the environmental cons are that the silk lice are actually killed in the process of harvesting the silk from the cocoons so it is not at all an ethical or vegan fabric. Next is nylon another synthetic made from petrochemicals It was developed to be a synthetic replacing for silk. And it is: strong, weather resistant, versatile, spray repellent, machine washable, it dehydrates quickly and it’s inexpensive. The cons are that some types of nylon build up static, it can irritate skin The environmental pros are that it is a reasonably durable textile so the outfit will usually last-place a long time And for the cons, like with polyester, fibers come off when it’s soaped that end up polluting the oceans, noxious substances are used to make it, “thats a lot” of pernicious releases, it’s energy intensive and it’s not biodegradable.Then there’s spandex, also called elastane or lycra. It’s a terribly elastic material also made from petrochemicals. And it’s usually received blended with other materials. It is: stretchy, it helps robes retain their shape, and it can help with fit. The cons are that it breaks down over age, it can also become brittle and yellow. The environmental pros are that it can help construct invests not stretch forth and the environmental cons are that it doesn’t biodegrade, it’s energy intensive and polluting to make and poisonous chemicals are exerted. Ultimately there’s a few cases naturally deduced synthetic fibres. The first I’ll talk about is rayon and it’s mainly made from a wood pulp that goes through a chemical process. And as a materials it’s: soft, inexpensive, absorbent, antistatic,( unlike other synthetic substances ), The cons are that it’s not exceedingly durable, it tends to pill, it wrinkles, it loses concentration when wet and can easily become misshapen and the committee is also shrivels very easily.I actually couldn’t really find any environment pros for rayon except for the fact that it implementations less toxic chemicals than other synthetics but there’s still toxic compounds, so I still see that as a con. Because it’s a wood pulp it can contribute to deforestation and it’s vigour intense to prepare. There’s also bamboo and the majority of bamboo is actually bamboo viscose or a bamboo rayon And countries have differing laws about whether or not it ought to have labeled as viscose derived from bamboo or a bamboo rayon. But mostly it’s the same process as rayon but instead of using wood pulp, they use bamboo. And as a substance it is soft, breathable, very absorbent, and too doesn’t must be established static. The cons are that like rayon, some bamboo fibers will pill truly easily and I like I mentioned different countries will have different rules as how it’s supposed to be labeled so that can be confusing. The environmental pros are that bamboo is very renewable to grow and necessary little water and pesticides.And the cons are that there are still toxic chemicals be applicable to procreate the material, and it’s vigour intensive. And the last fibre I’m going to talk about is lyocell or tencel. And it’s another naturally derived synthetic made from wood pulp. And it is: soft, exceedingly absorbent, resistant to puckers, versatile, durable, breathable, antistatic and too claimed responsibility for hypoallergenic. The cons are that it can pill easily and also sometimes needs special attention. The environmental pros are that it is biodegradable, It’s made in a closed loop plan so the compounds are recycled. And it’s much less toxic to produce than other synthetics and natural synthetics like rayon. The cons are that it is still operations quite a bit of energy to produce and because it does come from wood pulp it could also contribute to deforestation but overall it is the most environmentally friendly synthetic material.So of course there are also other information than the ones I’ve mentioned and you’ll also likely attain a good deal of fusions. And fusions can blend the benefits of both materials but it can also negate some of them. For example, a polyester/ cotton coalesce will mean that the item is no longer biodegradable. As you’ve probably noticed , no fabric is perfect. And it’s just about trying the very best to stimulate informed choice and also choosing the right materials for the function of the garment. I personally try to stick with natural textiles for both solace and ecological rationales. But it doesn’t make sense all the time. For example with swimwear, it obligates much more sense to have something that doesn’t absorb water and bakeds quickly.So I hope you’ve seen this interesting and maybe learned something. Please let me know in the comments if they are any pros or cons that I missed. Thank you so much better for watching and I’ll see you in the next one ..